Histoire des tapis berbères
Berber arts and handicrafts could be qualified as abstract, indeed the inspiration for the various designs stems from age old traditions of symbolism and an instinctive form of imagination whose techniques are passed down from generation to generation, usually from mother to daughter. This in turn has influenced the Berber esthetic code, mostly symbolized by geometrical designs representing Berber culture and life themes.
Sources: TRIKI L., L'artisanat berbère : permanence des matériaux, symbolisme des formes.
The confederation of Beni OuarainOuarain tribes is located between the mountain region of the Rif and the northern part of the Atlas mountain range. These rugs are knotted using thick and long strands of natural wool.
The rugs manufactured by the artisans from the Azilal region are characterized by the weaving technique used, they are composed of a woven line then a knotted line, which gives it its particular look and touch. The High Atlas region of Azilal is particularly remote, hard to reach and quite isolated from the other tribes which is probably why Azilal rugs are so absolutely unique in Morocco. The originality of patterns
Boujaad rugs are named after the race of sheep typical of this mountainous region of the Middle Atlas, around the city of Khenifra. Zayane tribes living in the area have a tradition of weaving long-haired rugs made of natural wool which can sometimes take light golden hues. They usually use a warm palette of red, purple and less frequently, yellow. These magnificient rugs are quite rare and hard to come across.
Beni M'Guild tribes live in the central regions of the Middle Atlas, around the village of Azrou. Their woolen rugs are thick and tightly knotted and are characterized by a mix of geometrical and abstract patterns. Usually in shades of blue, the wool in these rugs is dyed using indigo just like Tuareg tribes that use this plant to dye their textiles. These rugs can also be found in delicate hues of green and red.
Closer to the Atlantic coast, the plains located between the capital Rabat and the city of Meknès are the headquarters of the Aït Zemmour. They have defined their touch with a very graphic style used in the weaving of traditional Zemmour rugs. Short haired and with horizontal lines sometimes decorated with abstract symbols in warm tones of red and saffron, Zemmour rugs are undoubtedly one the most famous and flamboyant of Moroccan rugs. The climate of this region has most certainly influenced the choice for the type of wool fiber. Zemmour rugs more alike to kilims, aren’t suited to the harsh and cold mountain regions if we are talking thermal control, if we’re talking aesthetics, everything is possible !
Les tapis de style Zanafi sont tissés par les tribus originaires de l’Anti-Atlas, dans le sud marocain. Ils sont tissés de laine à poils courts, rappelant ainsi les kilims du Moyen-Orient. Ils sont généralement composés de bandes horizontales blanches et noires mais peuvent également présenter des motifs en losange ou sont parfois chinés. Plus fins et légers que les tapis issus des régions plus froides, ces tapis sont sobres et élégants.